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அரசியல் தீர்வு இல்லாமல் IMF கடன் வாங்கி நாட்டை முன் கொண்டு வரமுடியுமா?

சர்வதேச நாணயநிதியம் IMF இலங்கைக்கான நிதி உதவிக்கு அங்கீகாரம் வழங்கியுள்ளது

கவனிக்க வேண்டியது ஒன்று எப்போது அரசியல் பிரச்சனையை முடித்தால் மட்டுமே நாட்டை கடன் இல்லாத நாடாக மாற்ற முடியும்

1950 முதல் 2023 வரையில், மொத்தம் 17 முறை பெரும் தொகைகளை டாலர் கடனாக IMF இடம் இலங்கை பெற்றுள்ளது.

IMF Executive Board Approves US$3 Billion Under the New Extended Fund Facility (EFF) Arrangement for Sri Lanka

March 20, 2023

  • The IMF Board approved a 48-month extended arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) of SDR 2.286 billion (about US$3 billion) to support Sri Lanka’s economic policies and reforms.
  • The objectives of the EFF-supported program are to restore macroeconomic stability and debt sustainability, safeguarding financial stability, and stepping up structural reforms to unlock Sri Lanka’s growth potential. All program measures are mindful of the need to protect the most vulnerable and improving governance.
  • Close collaboration between Sri Lanka and all its creditors will be critical to expedite a debt treatment that will restore debt sustainability consistent with program parameters.

Washington, DC: The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved today a 48‑month extended arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) with an amount of SDR 2.286 billion (395 percent of quota or about US$3 billion).

Sri Lanka has been hit hard by a catastrophic economic and humanitarian crisis. The economy is facing significant challenges stemming from pre-existing vulnerabilities and policy missteps in the lead up to the crisis, further aggravated by a series of external shocks.

The EFF-supported program aims to restore Sri Lanka’s macroeconomic stability and debt sustainability, mitigate the economic impact on the poor and vulnerable, safeguard financial sector stability, and strengthen governance and growth potential. The Executive Board’s decision will enable an immediate disbursement equivalent to SDR 254 million (about US$333 million) and catalyze financial support from other development partners.

Following the Executive Board discussion on Sri Lanka, Ms. Kristalina Georgieva, Managing Director, issued the following statement:

“Sri Lanka has been facing tremendous economic and social challenges with a severe recession amid high inflation, depleted reserves, an unsustainable public debt, and heightened financial sector vulnerabilities. Institutions and governance frameworks require deep reforms. For Sri Lanka to overcome the crisis, swift and timely implementation of the EFF-supported program with strong ownership for the reforms is critical.

“Ambitious revenue-based fiscal consolidation is necessary for restoring fiscal and debt sustainability while protecting the poor and vulnerable. In this regard, the momentum of ongoing progressive tax reforms should be maintained, and social safety nets should be strengthened and better targeted to the poor. For the fiscal adjustments to be successful, sustained fiscal institutional reforms on tax administration, public financial and expenditure management, and energy pricing are critical.

“Having obtained specific and credible financing assurances from major official bilateral creditors, it is now important for the authorities and creditors to make swift progress towards restoring debt sustainability consistent with the IMF-supported program. The authorities’ commitments to transparently achieve a debt resolution, consistent with the program parameters and equitable burden sharing among creditors in a timely fashion, are welcome.

“Sri Lanka should stay committed to the multi-pronged disinflation strategy to safeguard the credibility of its inflation targeting regime. As the market regains confidence, the authorities’ recent introduction of greater exchange rate flexibility will help to rebuild the reserve buffer.

“Maintaining a sound and adequately capitalized banking system is important. Implementing a bank recapitalization plan and strengthening financial supervision and crisis management framework are crucial to ensure financial sector stability.

“The ongoing efforts to tackle corruption should continue, including revamping anti-corruption legislation. A more comprehensive anti-corruption reform agenda should be guided by the ongoing IMF governance diagnostic mission that conducts an assessment of Sri Lanka’s anti-corruption and governance framework. The authorities should step up growth-enhancing structural reforms with technical assistance support from development partners.”

Sri Lanka: Selected Economic Indicators 2019-2026 1/

20192020202120222023202420252026
Act.Act.Act.Prel.Proj.Proj.Proj.Proj.
GDP and inflation (in percent)
Real GDP growth-0.2-3.53.3-8.7-3.01.52.63.0
Inflation (average) 2/4.34.66.046.428.58.75.65.2
Inflation (end-of-period) 2/4.84.212.157.215.26.75.65.2
GDP Deflator growth3.93.18.146.630.010.75.65.2
Nominal GDP growth3.6-0.411.733.926.012.38.38.4
Savings and investment (in percent of GDP)
National savings32.032.331.524.826.428.028.929.3
Government-2.5-8.2-7.3-6.7-4.4-2.0-0.6-0.4
Private34.640.538.831.530.930.029.529.7
National Investment34.133.735.326.828.029.430.330.7
Government6.66.47.05.24.55.05.05.0
Private27.527.328.221.523.524.525.325.7
Savings-Investment balance-2.1-1.4-3.8-1.9-1.6-1.4-1.4-1.4
Government-9.2-14.6-14.3-11.9-9.0-7.0-5.6-5.4
Private7.113.210.59.97.45.64.24.0
Public finances (in percent of GDP)
Revenue and grants11.98.78.38.511.013.314.915.0
Expenditure19.520.719.918.919.019.719.919.9
Primary balance-1.9-5.9-5.7-3.8-0.70.82.32.3
Central government balance-7.5-12.1-11.6-10.4-8.0-6.4-5.0-4.8
Central government gross financing needs21.726.131.034.526.617.915.415.9
Central government debt82.695.7102.2117.7100.0101.6103.3102.2
Public debt 3/89.0104.0114.3128.1111.2108.5107.8106.8
Money and credit (percent change, end of period)
Reserve money-3.03.435.43.323.511.27.38.4
Broad money7.023.413.215.522.611.27.38.4
Domestic credit6.524.619.518.811.43.21.52.5
Credit to private sector4.26.513.16.411.28.18.69.2
Credit to private sector (adjusted for inflation)-0.11.97.2-40.0-17.3-0.63.14.0
Credit to central government and public corporations10.453.626.531.111.5-0.8-4.7-4.2
Balance of payments (in millions of U.S. dollars)
Exports11,94010,04812,49913,10613,66614,51715,27016,065
Imports-19,937-16,055-20,638-18,291-20,597-21,479-22,506-23,794
Current account balance-1,844-1,187-3,343-1,458-1,184-1,092-1,077-1,124
Current account balance (in percent of GDP)-2.1-1.4-3.8-1.9-1.6-1.4-1.4-1.4
Current account balance net of interest (in percent of GDP)-0.20.5-2.2-0.50.20.91.10.8
Export value growth (percent)0.4-15.924.44.94.36.25.25.2
Import value growth (percent)-10.3-19.528.5-11.412.64.34.85.7
Gross official reserves (end of period)
In millions of U.S. dollars7,6425,6643,1391,8984,4316,1288,52010,888
In months of prospective imports of goods & services5.03.21.91.02.23.03.94.8
In percent of ARA composite metric61.645.824.516.336.148.765.580.7
Usable Gross official reserves (end of period) 4/
In millions of U.S. dollars7,6425,6641,5654622,9954,6928,52010,888
In months of prospective imports of goods & services5.03.21.00.21.52.33.94.8
In percent of ARA composite metric61.645.812.24.024.437.365.580.7
External debt (public and private)
In billions of U.S. dollars54.653.457.358.756.258.361.163.9
As a percent of GDP61.462.664.478.074.776.778.078.6
Sources: Data provided by the Sri Lankan authorities; and IMF staff estimates.1/ This table is based on data as of March 6.2/ Colombo CPI.3/ Comprising central government debt, publicly guaranteed debt, and CBSL external liabilities (i.e., Fund credit outstanding and international currency swap arrangements).4/ Excluding PBOC swap ($1.4bn in 2022) which becomes usable once GIR rise above 3 months of previous year’s import cover.
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